Code of Virginia
II. VIRGINIA REGULATIONS
6 VAC 20-174-10 The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
“Administrative Process Act” means Chapter 40 (§2.2-4000 et seq.) of Title 2.2 of the Code of Virginia.
“Alarm respondent” means a natural person who responds to the signal of an alarm for the purpose of detecting an intrusion of the home, business or property of the end user.
“Armed” means a private security registrant who carries or has immediate access to a firearm in the performance of his duties.
“Armed security officer” means a natural person employed to (i) safeguard and protect persons and property or (ii) deter theft, loss, or concealment of any tangible or intangible personal property on the premises he is contracted to protect, and who carries or has access to a firearm in the performance of his duties.
“Armored car personnel” means persons who transport or offer to transport under armed security from one place to money, negotiable instruments or other valuables in a specially equipped motor vehicle with a high degree of security and certainty of delivery.
“Assistant training school director” means a certified instructor designated by a private security training school director to submit training school session notifications and training rosters and perform administrative duties in lieu of the director.
“Board” means the Criminal Justice Services Board or any successor board or agency.
“Business advertising material” means display advertisements in telephone directories, letterhead, business cards, local newspaper advertising and contracts.
“Central station dispatcher” means a natural person who monitors burglar alarm signal devices, burglar alarms or any other electrical, mechanical or electronic device used to prevent or detect burglary, theft, shoplifting, pilferage or similar losses; used to prevent or detect intrusion; or used primarily to summon aid for other emergencies.
“Certification” means the method of regulation indicating that qualified persons have met the minimum requirements as private security services training schools, private security services instructors, compliance agents, or certified detector canine handler examiners.
“Certified training school” means a training school that is certified by the department for the specific purpose of training private security services business personnel in at least one category of the compulsory minimum training standards.
“Class” means a block of instruction no less than 50 minutes in length on a particular subject.
“Classroom training” means instruction conducted by an instructor in person to students in an organized manner utilizing a lesson plan.
“Compliance agent” means a natural person who is an owner of, or employed by, a licensed private security services business. The compliance agent shall assure the compliance of the private security services business with all applicable requirements as provided in §9.1-139 of the Code of Virginia.
“Courier” means any armed person who transports or offers to transport from one place to another documents or other papers, negotiable or nonnegotiable instruments, or other small items of value that require expeditious service.
“Date of hire” means the date any employee of a private security services business or training school performs services regulated or required to be regulated by the department.
“Department” or “DCJS” means the Department of Criminal Justice Services or any successor agency.
“Detector canine” means any dog that detects drugs or explosives.
“Detector canine handler” means any individual who uses a detector canine in the performance of private security services.
“Detector canine handler examiner” means any individual who examines the proficiency and reliability of detector canines and detector canine handlers in the detection of drugs or explosives.
“Detector canine team” means the detector canine handler and his detector canine performing private security duties.
“Director” means the chief administrative officer of the department.
“Electronic images” means an acceptable method of maintaining required documentation through the scanning, storage, and maintenance of verifiable electronic copies of original documentation.
“Electronic security business” means any person who engages in the business of or undertakes to (i) install, service, maintain, design or consult in the design of any electronic security equipment to an end user; (ii) respond to or cause a response to electronic security equipment for an end user; or (iii) have access to confidential information concerning the design, extent, status, password, contact list, or location of an end user’s electronic security equipment.
“Electronic security employee” means a natural person who is employed by an electronic security business in any capacity which may give him access to information concerning the design, extent, status, password, contact list, or location of an end user’s electronic security equipment.
“Electronic security equipment” means electronic or mechanical alarm signaling devices, including burglar alarms or holdup alarms or cameras used to detect intrusion, concealment or theft to safeguard and protect persons and property. This shall not include tags, labels, and other devices that are attached or affixed to items offered for sale, library books, and other protected articles as part of an electronic article surveillance and theft detection and deterrence system.
“Electronic security sales representative” means a natural person who sells electronic security equipment on behalf of an electronic security business to the end user.
“Electronic security technician” means a natural person who installs, services, maintains or repairs electronic security equipment.
“Electronic security technician’s assistant” means a natural person who works as a laborer under the supervision of the electronic security technician in the course of his normal duties, but who may not make connections to any electronic security equipment.
“Employed” means an employer/employee relationship where the employee is providing work in exchange for compensation and the employer directly controls the employee’s conduct and pays taxes on behalf of the employee. The term “employed” shall not be construed to include independent contractors.
“Employee” means a natural person employed by a licensee to perform private security services that are regulated by the department.
“End user” means any person who purchases or leases electronic security equipment for use in that person’s home or business.
“Engaging in the business of providing or undertaking to provide private security services” means any person who solicits business within the Commonwealth of Virginia through advertising, business cards, submission of bids, contracting, public notice for private security services, directly or indirectly, or by any other means.
“Entry-level training” means the compulsory initial training for regulated categories and basic or intermediate firearms training standards adopted by the Board for private security services business personnel who are either new registrants or failed to timely complete in-service training or firearms retraining within the prescribed time period.
“Firearms endorsement” means a method of regulation that identifies an individual registered as a private security registrant and has successfully completed the annual firearms training and has met the requirements as set forth in this chapter.
“Firearms training verification” means verification of successful completion of initial or retraining requirements for handgun, shotgun, or patrol rifle training.
“Firm” means a business entity, regardless of method of organization, applying for an initial or renewal private security services business license or private security services training school certification.
“Incident” means an event that exceeds the normal extent of one’s duties.
“In-service training requirement” means the compulsory in-service training standards adopted by the Criminal Justice Services Board for private security services business personnel.
“Intermediate weapon” means a tool not fundamentally designed to cause deadly force with conventional use. This would exclude all metal ammunition firearms or edged weapons. These weapons include but are not limited to baton/collapsible baton, chemical irritants, electronic restraining devices, projectiles, and other less-lethal weapons as defined by the department.
“Job-related training” means training specifically related to the daily job functions of a given category of registration or certification as defined in this chapter.
“Key cutting” means making duplicate keys from an existing key and includes no other locksmith services.
“Learning Management System (LMS)” means a software application or Web-based technology used to plan, implement, monitor, and assess a specific learning process.
“License number” means the official number issued to a private security services business licensed by the department.
“Licensed firm” means a business entity, regardless of method of organization, which holds a valid private security services business license issued by the department.
“Licensee” means a licensed private security services business.
“Locksmith” means any individual that performs locksmith services, or advertises or represents to the general public that the individual is a locksmith even if the specific term locksmith is substituted with any other term by which a reasonable person could construe that the individual possesses special skills relating to locks or locking devices, including use of the words lock technician, lockman, safe technician, safeman, boxman, unlocking technician, lock installer, lock opener, physical security technician, or similar descriptions.
“Locksmith services” mean selling; servicing; rebuilding; repairing; rekeying; repining; changing the combination to an electronic or mechanical locking device; programming either keys to a device or the device to accept electronic controlled keys; originating keys for locks or copying keys; adjusting or installing locks or deadbolts, mechanical or electronic locking devices, egress control devices, safes, and vaults; or opening, defeating or bypassing locks or latching mechanisms in a manner other than intended by the manufacturer with or without compensation for the general public or on property not his own nor under his own control or authority.
“Network administrator” means an individual designated by a certified training school that provides online training who serves as the technical contact between the department and the certified training school.
“Official documentation” means personnel records; DD214; copies of business licenses indicating ownership; law-enforcement transcripts; certificates of training completion; a signed letter provided directly by a current or previous employer detailing dates of employment and job duties; college transcripts; letters of commendation; private security services registrations, certifications or licenses from other states; and other employment, training, or experience verification documents. A resume is not considered official documentation.
“On duty” means the time during which private security services business personnel receive or are entitled to receive compensation for employment for which a registration or certification is required.
“On-line training” means training approved by the department and offered via the Internet or an Intranet for the purpose of remote access on-demand or distance training that meets all requirements for compulsory minimum training standards.
“Performance of his duties” means on duty in the context of this chapter.
“Person” means any individual, group of individuals, firm, company, corporation, partnership, business, trust, association, or other legal entity.
“Personal protection specialist” means any natural person who engages in the duties of providing close protection from bodily harm to any person.
“Physical address” means the location of the building that houses a private security services business or training school, or the location where the individual principals of a business reside. A post office box is not a physical address.
“Principal” means any sole proprietor, individual listed as an officer or director with the Virginia State Corporation Commission, board member of the association, or partner of a licensed firm or applicant for licensure.
“Private investigator” means any natural person who engages in the business of, or accepts employment to make, investigations to obtain information on (i) crimes or civil wrongs; (ii) the location, disposition, or recovery of stolen property; (iii) the cause of accidents, fires, damages, or injuries to persons or to property; or (iv) evidence to be used before any court, board, officer, or investigative committee.
“Private security services business” means any person engaged in the business of providing, or who undertakes to provide, armored car personnel, security officers, personal protection specialists, private investigators, couriers, security canine handlers, security canine teams, detector canine handlers, detector canine teams, alarm respondents, locksmiths, central station dispatchers, electronic security employees, electronic security sales representatives or electronic security technicians and their assistants to another person under contract, express or implied.
“Private security services business personnel” means each employee of a private security services business who is employed as an unarmed security officer, armed security officer/courier, armored car personnel, security canine handler, detector canine handler, private investigator, personal protection specialist, alarm respondent, locksmith, central station dispatcher, electronic security employee, electronic security sales representative, electronic security technician or electronic security technician’s assistant.
“Private security services instructor” means any natural person certified by the department to provide mandated instruction in private security subjects for a certified private security services training school.
“Private security services registrant” means any qualified individual who has met the requirements under 6 VAC 20-174-40 et seq., of this chapter to perform the duties of alarm respondent, locksmith, armored car personnel, central station dispatcher, courier, electronic security sales representative, electronic security technician, electronic security technician’s assistant, personal protection specialist, private investigator, security canine handler, detector canine handler, unarmed security officer or armed security officer.
“Private security services training school” means any person certified by the department to provide instruction in private security subjects for the training of private security services business personnel in accordance with this chapter.
“Reciprocity” means the relation existing between Virginia and any other state, commonwealth or province as established by agreements approved by the board.
“Recognition” means the relation of accepting various application requirements between Virginia and any other state, commonwealth or province as established by agreements approved by the board.
“Registration” means a method of regulation which identifies individuals as having met the minimum requirements for a particular registration category as set forth in this chapter.
“Registration category” means any one of the following categories: (i) unarmed security officer and armed security officer/courier, (ii) security canine handler, (iii) armored car personnel, (iv) private investigator, (v) personal protection specialist, (vi) alarm respondent, (vii) central station dispatcher, (viii) electronic security sales representative, (ix) electronic security technician, (x) electronic technician’s assistant, (xi) detector canine handler or (xii) locksmith.
”Related field” means any field with training requirements, job duties, and experience similar to those of the private security services field in which the applicant wishes to be licensed, certified, or registered. This includes, but is not limited to, law enforcement and certain categories of the military.
“Security canine” means a dog that has attended, completed, and been certified as a security canine by a certified security canine handler instructor in accordance with approved department procedures and certification guidelines. “Security canine” shall not include detector dogs.
“Security canine handler” means any natural person who utilizes his security canine in the performance of private security duties.
“Security canine team” means the security canine handler and his security canine performing private security duties.
“Session” means a group of classes comprising the total hours of mandated compulsory minimum training standards in any of the categories of licensure, registration, or certification in accordance with this article and in accordance with §9.1-150.2, §9.1-185.2 and §9.1-186.2 of the Code of Virginia.
“Supervisor” means any natural person who directly or indirectly supervises registered or certified private security services business personnel.
“This chapter” means the Regulations Relating to Private Security Services (6 VAC 20-174) as part of the Virginia Administrative Code.
“Training certification” means verification of the successful completion of any training requirement established in this chapter.
“Training requirement” means any entry level, in-service, or firearms training or retraining standard established in this chapter.
“Training school director” means a natural person designated by a principal of a certified private security services training school to assure the compliance of the private security services training school with all applicable requirements as provided in the Code of Virginia and this chapter.
“Unarmed security officer” means a natural person who performs the function of observation, detection, reporting, or notification of appropriate authorities or designated agents regarding persons or property on the premises he is contracted to protect, and who does not carry or have access to a firearm in the performance of his duties.
“Uniform” means any clothing with a badge, patch or lettering which clearly identifies persons to any observer as private security services business personnel, not law-enforcement officers.
6 VAC 20-174-50. Renewal registration application.
A. Applications for registration renewal shall meet all renewal requirements and should be received by the department at least 30 days prior to expiration. The department will provide a renewal notification to the last known mailing address or email address provided by the registered individual. However, if a renewal notification is not received by the individual, it is the responsibility of the individual to ensure renewal requirements are filed with the department. Registration renewal applications received by the department after the expiration date shall be subject to all applicable, nonrefundable renewal fees plus reinstatement fees.
B. Each person applying for registration renewal shall meet the minimum requirements for eligibility as follows:
1. Successfully complete the in-service training, and firearms retraining if applicable, pursuant to the compulsory minimum training standards set forth by this chapter; and
2. Be in good standing in every jurisdiction where licensed, registered or certified. This subdivision shall not apply to any probationary periods during which the individual is eligible to operate under the license, registration or certification.
C. The department may renew a registration when the following are received by the department:
1. A properly completed renewal application provided by the department;
2. For individuals applying for renewal with the category of armored car personnel, fingerprint card submitted pursuant to 6 VAC 20-174;
3. The applicable, nonrefundable registration renewal fee; and
4. For individuals with firearms endorsements, evidence of completion of annual firearms retraining in accordance with 6 VAC 20-174 et seq., of this chapter.
D. Upon completion of the renewal registration application requirements, the department may issue a registration for a period not to exceed 24 months.
E. Any renewal application received by the department shall meet all renewal requirements prior to the expiration date of a registration or shall be subject to the requirements set forth by the reinstatement provisions pursuant to 6 VAC 20-174.
E. Any renewal application received by the department shall meet all renewal requirements prior to the expiration date of a registration or shall be subject to the requirements set forth by the reinstatement provisions of this chapter
6 VAC 20-174-80. Replacement state issued photo identification letter.
Registered or certified individuals seeking a replacement state issued registration or certification card shall submit to the department:
1. A properly completed application provided by the department; and
2. The applicable, nonrefundable application fee.
Article 8 Reinstatement and Renewal Extension
6 VAC 20-174-110. Denial, probation, suspension and revocation.
licensed, registered or certified in a private security services or related field; or has had his license, registration or certification denied upon initial application, suspended, revoked, surrendered, or not renewed; or has otherwise been disciplined in connection with a disciplinary action prior to applying for licensing, registration or certification in Virginia.
6 VAC 20-174-140. Administrative Requirements.
A registered individual shall:
6 VAC 20-174-150. Standards of Conduct.
A registered individual shall:
6 VAC 20-174-160 – Entry level training
The entry-level training has been restructured to include specific courses and hours for clarity. In addition, the minimum course and hour requirements for locksmiths and detector canine handlers have been added. The compulsory minimum training standards for armed security officers has increased from 40 hours to 50 hours based an additional 10 hours of firearms training and the hours for shotgun entry-level training having increased from 2 to 4 hours.
The course content has been amended to reflect changes to the content for armed security officer classroom training, and the hour requirements for each individual section of a course has been removed. The proposed regulations reflect the course content for locksmiths and detector canine handler examiners and all training provisions for compliance agents has been deleted and added to section 6 VAC 20-174.
6 VAC 20-174-160. Entry level training.
A. Each person employed by a private security services business or applying to the department for registration as an unarmed security officer, armed security officer/courier, personal protection specialist, armored car personnel, security canine handler, explosives detector canine handler, narcotics detector canine handler, private investigator, alarm respondent, locksmith, central station dispatcher, electronic security sales representative, electronic security technician, or electronic security technician’s assistant as defined by §9.1-138 of the Code of Virginia must meet the compulsory minimum training standards herein established, unless provided for otherwise in accordance with this chapter.
B. Training will be credited only if application for registration is received by the department within 12 months of completion of training.
C. Course and minimum hour requirement. The compulsory minimum entry level training courses and specific minimum hour requirement by category, excluding examinations, practical exercises and range qualification, shall be:
1. Unarmed security officer – 18 hours
01E: Security Officer Core Subjects – 18 hours
2. Armed security officer/courier – 50 hours (53 hours including shotgun training)
a. 01E: Security Officer Core Subjects – 18 hours
b. 05E: Armed Security Officer Arrest Authority – 8 hours
c. 075E: Security Officer Handgun – 24 hours
d. 08E: Entry-level Shotgun – 3 hours (if applicable*)* Too also have access to a shotgun while on duty, the additional shotgun course is required.
3. Armored car personnel – 28 hours (31 hours with shotgun)
a. 03E: Armored Car Procedures – 12 hours
b. 07E: Entry-level Handgun – 16 hours
c. 08E: Entry-level Shotgun – 3 hours (if applicable*) * Too also have access to a shotgun while on duty, the additional shotgun course is required.
4. Security canine handler – 30 hours (excluding basic obedience training)
a. 01E: Security Officer Core Subjects – 18 hours (prerequisite for 04ES)
b. Prerequisite for 04ES – Basic Obedience Training
c. 04ES: Security Canine Handler – 12 hours
5. Private investigator – 60 hours
02E: Private Investigator Subjects – 60 hours
6. Personal protection specialist – 60 hours
a. 32E: Personal Protection Specialist – 60 hours
b. 07E: Entry-level Handgun – 16 hours (prerequisite for 09E Advanced Handgun)
c. 09E: Advanced Handgun – 14 hours (for armed personal protection specialists)
7. Alarm respondent – 18 hours
01E: Security Officer Core Subjects – 18 hours
8. Central station dispatcher – 8 hours
a. 30E: Electronic Security Core Subjects – 4 hours
b. 38E: Central Station Dispatcher – 4 hours
9. Electronic security sales representative – 8 hours
a. 30E: Electronic Security Core Subjects – 4 hours
b. 39E: Electronic Security Sales – 4 hours
10. Electronic security technician – 14 hours
a. 30E: Electronic Security Core Subjects – 4 hours
b. 35E: Electronic
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